Sunday, 23 August 2009

Embedded Linux Firmware Binary Files

I have always struggled to understand the format of the binary files that store the firmware upgrades.
They tend to be a mixture of some simple text labels, a kernel image and one or more mountable filesystems.
I have written a little script that goes through a file in a brute force (one byte at a time) way and attempts to mount it as various filesystem types (script stored here).
I used the information found by this script, and the source code provided by Edimax to work out some information about the internals of the IC-3010WG IP Camera - it is written up here.
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